LESSON 1.2.

The Great Pyramid of Giza – Giza

1.2.5 Interiors

 

The interior of the pyramid is a labyrinth and consists essentially of three burial chambers, connected by narrow and low corridors where the air intake is limited. Its access is located 16 metres from the ground facing north and gives way to a 38 centimetre wide descending passage that arrives at a fork that splits into the secret underground Chamber and a large central sloping gallery with two air chambers. From here, one can access the Chamber of the King and Queen, entirely built in pink granite, 42 metres above the ground and where the empty sarcophagus of the Pharaoh still lies.

 

 

The pyramid of the Pharaoh Khafre (reigned from 2520 to 2494 BC) and Mycerinus (from 2471 to 2490 BC) also included in the complex, are less labyrinthine, best preserved and smaller (even though the first looks bigger, because it is on a higher slope).

Three even smaller pyramids, destined to the Queens, stand on the eastern side of the tomb of Khufu and on the opposite direction is where the courtesans were buried.

Located near a pyramid was a very long well. Near the Great Pyramid, in 1954, a partially disassembled barge made out of cedar wood was found (in its own well). This piece was intended for the Pharaoh to travel to the afterlife.